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In bearish markets Balanced funds provides stability & returns
28 Jan 2015
While equity mutual funds are expected to beat other class of funds in the long term, short-term volatility is unbearable for some investors. For them, balanced funds are a better option because their equity exposure is usually restricted to 65-75%, and the debt portion of 25- 35% lends stability to the fund.

Though the returns from balanced funds will be lower than that of pure equity funds  but their volatility will also be lower. So, on a risk-adjusted basis, it should give better return on long term basis.

Both equity and debt are expected to do well in the coming years, because the expected decline in interest rate will be good for both asset classes.

Some experts believe that balanced funds can also beat the returns from equity funds in absolute terms, during the next three years. "The equity market performance in the near future will depend on the interest rates movement. Since the debt (or the debt portion in balanced fund) will be the first beneficiary of a rate reduction, balanced fund may do better than the equity funds on absolute basis in the next three years

Debt portion is also tax free Another advantage of the balanced funds is its tax treatment. Since these equity-oriented schemes invest more than 65% of their assets in equities, they get the same tax treatment as equity funds. While the gains from debt funds are treated as long-term capital gains only after three years, in the case of balanced funds, the minimum holding period is just one year. So, while you have to pay 20% capital gains tax after indexation on the gains from debt funds, long-term capital gains from balanced funds are tax free.

Balanced funds do reduce your tax liability. But, for that, investors must treat a balanced fund not as one scheme, but as a combination of two schemes. You are effectively investing 70% of your money in an equity fund and the remaining 30% in a debt fund.

For the below table it is very clear that in last one year these Balanced mutual funds have provided some returns compared to negative returns by Nifty and Sensex or some of the Equity mutual funds but in long term they provide lower returns compared to pure Equity mutual funds but during bearish market they provide cushion due to i20 to 30% investment in debt funds.

Portfolio can be managed based on investor preference using Balanced Mutual fund
Let's take the example of an investor who has a high-risk appetite and wants to put 80% in equities. If he puts 80% in equity funds and 20% in debt funds, the gains from the debt funds will be taxed at 20% while gains from the equity funds will be tax free. Instead, he can put 33.3% in equity funds and the remaining 66.7% in balanced funds to achieve the same asset allocation. But in this case, the entire portfolio will be treated as equity and become tax free after one year.

Now, consider another investor who is risk-averse and wants to put only 10% in stocks. Instead of investing in an MIP where the all the gains (including those from the equity portion) are taxed at 20%, he can invest 85.7% in a debt fund and the remaining 14.3% in a balanced fund. In this case, 14.3% of the investment will be taxed as equity.

Some investors don't want to invest in multiple funds and prefer a single product solution. Such investors should consider algorithm based products such as the ICICI Prudential Balanced Advantage Fund-among the best performing balanced funds